A groundbreaking ammonia-powered engine developed by Toyota could be a game-changer in the transport sector; and a challenger to the rise of the EV.

Performance Garage has reported Toyota, in collaboration with the Chinese state-owned manufacturer GAC Group, has an engine in testing that uses ammonia as the primary fuel, which is made up of one nitrogen atom and three hydrogen atoms, with no carbon atoms.

Performance Garage said that when burned, the fuel didn’t release carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas. Tests with the 161 horsepower engine have seen emissions reduced by 90%.

Importantly, as ammonia is abundantly available, it makes the engines not only environmentally friendly but also potentially cost-effective in the long run.

In China, the world’s largest EV market, there is talk of the government potentially banning the sale of internal combustion engine cars. Fuels like ammonia, Performance Garage said, might even prove more cost-effective than EVs in the long run.

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